Most U.S. energy usage is for electricity production and vehicle transportation, two interdependent, critical national infrastructures. The strength and number of these interdependencies will increase rapidly as hybrid electric transportation systems, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and hybrid electric trains, become more widely used. The 21st Century National Energy and Transportation Infrastructures Balancing Sustainability, Costs, and Resiliency (NETSCORE-21) research project is motivated by a recognition that tools, knowledge, and perspective are lacking to design a national system integrating energy and transportation infrastructures while accounting for interdependencies between them, new energy supply technologies, sustainability, and resiliency. Hence, the goal of this research is to formulate optimal infrastructure designs in terms of future power generation technologies, energy transport and storage, and hybrid-electric transportation systems, with balance in sustainability, costs, and resiliency.

Funding Agency

This project (Award #0835989) is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) via the solicitation on Emerging Frontiers on Research and Innovations (EFRI) Resilient and Sustainable Infrastructures (RESIN) program.

Project start/end dates

Sep. 2008-Aug. 2012

Project Participants

  • James McCalley, Professor, ECpE
  • Arun Somani, Professor, ECpE
  • Dionysios Aliprantis, Assistant Professor, ECpE
  • Lizhi Wang, Assistant Professor, IMSE
  • Konstantina Gkritza, Assistant Professor, CCEE
  • Robert Brown, Professor, ME
  • Jeffrey Brown, M.S. student, CCEE
  • Jinxu Ding, Ph.D. student, ECpE
  • Zhaoyang Duan, Ph.D. student, IMSE
  • Josh Gifford, M.S. student, ME
  • Lizbeth Gonzalez, M.S. student, ECpE
  • Yang Gu, Ph.D. student, ECpE
  • Eduardo Ibanez, Ph.D. student, ECpE
  • Keith Johnson, Undergrad. student, ECpE
  • Eirini Kastrouni, Ph.D. student, CCEE
  • Steve Lavrenz, M.S. student, CCEE
  • Diego Mejia, Ph.D. student, ECpE
  • Catherine Rentziou, MS student, CCEE
  • Joseph Slegers, M.S. student, ECpE
  • Jose Villarreal, Ph.D. student, ECpE
  • Justin Voss, Undergrad. student, ME
  • Di Wu, Ph.D. student, ECpE
  • Ying Zhou, Ph.D. student, IMSE

Project Web site

NETSCORE-21 Website


  • E. Ibáñez, J. McCalley, D. Aliprantis, R. Brown, K. Gkritza, A. Somani, and L. Wang, “National Energy and Transportation Systems: Interdependencies within a Long Term Planning Model.” Proc. of IEEE Energy 2030 Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov. 2008.
  • D. Wu, H. Chen, T. Das, and D. C. Aliprantis, “Bidirectional power transfer between HEVs and grid without external power converters.” Proc. IEEE Energy 2030 Conf., Atlanta, GA, Nov. 17-18, 2008.
  • L. Wang, “Potential Impacts of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Locational Marginal Prices.” Proc. IEEE Energy 2030 Conf., Atlanta, GA, Nov. 17-18, 2008.
  • J. Ding, A. Somani, “A Decentralized Resilient Mixed-energy Infrastructure (L3) Model of America in the Next 40 Years” Proc. of the 20th International Symp. of Mathematical Programming (ISMP), Chicago, IL, Aug. 23-29.
  • L. Wang and N. Kong, “Security constrained economic dispatch: A Markov decision process approach with embedded stochastic programming.” International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems, Vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 1-16 , 2009.
  • L. Wang, “Cutting plane algorithms for the inverse mixed integer linear programming problem.” Operations Research Letters, Vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 114-117, 2009.
  • J. McCalley, E. Ibáñez, Y. Gu, K. Gkritza, D. Aliprantis, L. Wang, A. Somani, and R. Brown, “National Long-Term Investment Planning for Energy and Transportation Systems.” Proc. of IEEE PES General Meeting 2010, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Jul. 2010.
  • E. Ibáñez, K. Gkritza, J. McCalley, D. Aliprantis, R. Brown, A. Somani, and L. Wang, “Interdependencies between Energy and Transportation Systems for National Long Term Planning.” Sustainable Infrastructure Systems: Simulation, Imaging, and Intelligent Engineering, K. Gopalakrishnan, S. Peeta, editors, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2010, pp. 53-76.
  • D. Wu, D. C. Aliprantis, and K. Gkritza, “Electric energy and power consumption by light-duty plug-in electric vehicles,” to appear in IEEE Trans. on Power Systems.
  • E. Ibáñez, and J. McCalley, “Multiobjective evolutionary algorithm for long-term planning of the national energy and transportation systems,” to appear in Energy Systems Journal.